I Раскройте скобки Употребите Present Simple Passive или Past Simple Passive

I.Раскройте скобки. Употребите Present Simple Passive или Past Simple Passive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.Agatha Christie was educated at home. She didn’t go to school.
Агата Кристи обучалась дома. Она не ходила в школу.
2.The decimal system is used by the people for scientific purposes.
Десятичная система применяется людьми в научных целях
3.Dickens’s works are read by millions of people and his name is known to every schoolboy.
Произведения Дикенса читают миллионы людей, его имя знает каждый школьник.
II. Выпишите предложения, в которых используется Present Continuous Passive и переведите их на русский язык.
2.The engineer is being shown a new type of computer now.
Инженеру сейчас показывают новый тип компьютера.
3.This electronic equipment is being designed for speeding up production.
Это электронное оборудование создается для ускорения производства.
III.Выпишите предложения, в которых используется Passive Voice и переведите их на русский язык.
2.Several possible solutions will be chosen by the scientists of our department.
Учеными нашего отдела будет выбрано несколько возможных решений
3.The delegates were asked if they themselves would select the schools they wanted to visit.
Делегатов спросили, выберут ли они сами школы, которые хотят посетить.
4.This scientific research was carried out many years ago.
Это научное исследование было проведено много лет назад.

IV. Закончите предложения, употребив подходящие по смыслу прилагательные в сравнительной степени (older /more important etc).
Пример.It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere quieter?
1.The hotel was surprisingly cheap. I expected it to be more expensive.
2.Your work isn’t very good. I’m sure you can do it better.
3.I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be more difficult.
4.You hardly ever phone me. Why don’t you phone me earlier?

V.Заполните пропуски словосочетаниями с прилагательными в превосходной степени ( ____- est; most ____).
Пример. It’s a very nice room. It’s the nicest room in the hotel.
1.Spring is a very busy time for me. It is the busiest time in the year.
2.It is a very valuable painting. It is the most valuable in the gallery.
3.She’s a very good player. She’s the best player in the team.
4.He’s a very dangerous criminal. He’s the most dangerous criminal in the country.

VI.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Переведите абзацы 1, 3, 6, 7 письменно.
Canada

Canada is situated in the north of Northern America, washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean in the west, and the Arctic Ocean in the north and by the Baffin Bay and the Davis Strait in the north-east. It is a land of vast distances and rich natural resources. Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Canada’s territory is the world’s second largest country, surpassed in size only by Russia. It includes many islands, notably the Canadian Arctic Islands, also called Arctic Archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbour to the south. The total area is about 10 million sq km. Canada is slightly larger than the US. It is an important manufacturer, and its major cities, such as Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, Edmonton, Calgary and Winnipeg are centres of commerce and industry.
2.The climate of Canada varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north. The highest Canadian point is Mount Logan 5,959 m. The population of Canada is about 32 million people. There are two state languages: English and French. English is spoken by 60 % of population; French is spoken by 23 % of people.
3.Most of Canada’s inhabitants live in the southern part of the country and vast areas of the north are sparsely inhabited. The country is divided into ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Nunavut Territory). The third territory called Nunavut, to be carved from the present Northwest Territories, was created in 1999.
The name Canada is derived from an Iroquoian term meaning «village».
4.Among the great rivers of Canada there are the Saint Lawrence River, draining the Great Lakes and emptying into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; the Ottawa and the Saguenay rivers, the principal affluents of the Saint Lawrence River; the Saint John River, emptying into the Bay of Fundy.
5.The government type is confederation with parliamentary democracy. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.
6.Canada became independent from the United Kingdom on July, 1, 1867. Legal system is based on the English common law, except in Quebec, where civil law system based on the French law prevails.
7.The racial and ethnic makeup of the Canadian people is diversified. About 35 percent of the population is composed of people of the British origin. People of the French origin total about 25 percent of the population. The vast majority of French-speaking Canadians reside in Quebec, where they make up about three-fourths of the population; large numbers also live in Ontario and New Brunswick.
8.French-speaking Canadians maintain their language, culture, and traditions, and the federal government follows the policy of a bilingual and bicultural nation. During the 1970s and 1980s the proportion of Asians among the Canadian population increased, and today those who count their ancestry as wholly Asian make up 8 to 10 percent of the population. More than two-thirds of the Asian immigrants live in Ontario or British Columbia. The remainder of the population is composed of people of various ethnic groups, such as German, Italian, Ukrainian, Netherlands Dutch, Scandinavian, Polish, Hungarian, Greek, and Native American. Blacks have never constituteda major segment of the Canadian population. Indigenous people make up nearly 2 percent of Canada’s inhabitants.
9.The largest religious community in Canada is Roman Catholic. Nearly half of Canadians who are Roman Catholic live in Quebec. Of the Protestant denominations in Canada the largest is the United Church of Canada, followed by the Anglican Church of Canada. Other important Protestant groups are the Baptist, Presbyterian and Lutheran. Nearly 2 percent of the population are Orthodox. Muslim and Jewish adherents each number about 1 percent. A substantial number of Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs have been brought to the country in recent years by immigration. Nearly 13 percent of Canadians claim no religion.

1.Канада расположена на севере Северной Америки, омывается Атлантическим океаном на востоке, Тихим океаном на западе, Арктическим океаном на севере, Баффинским заливом и заливом Дейвиса на северо-востоке. Это страна с большими территориями и богатыми природными ресурсами. Канада стала суверенным государством в 1867 году, сохранив при этом связи с Британской короной. Канада является второй самой большой страной после России. На ее территории находится много островов, в частности, канадские арктические острова, так же называемые Арктическим архипелагом в Северном Ледовитом Океане. Экономически и технически нация развивалась параллельно с США, ее соседями на юге. Общая площадь составляет около 10 миллионов квадратных километров. Канада немного больше США. Страна является важным производителем. А ее основные города, такие как Торонто, Монреаль, Ванкувер, Оттава, Эдмонтон, Калгари и Виннипег являются центрами торговли и промышленности.
3. Большинство граждан Канады проживают в южной части страны, а обширные площади севера являются малонаселенными. Страна разделена на 10 провинций (Альберта, Британская Колумбия, Манитоба, Новый Брансуик, Ньюфаундленд, Новая Шотландия, Онтарио, Острова Принс-Эдуард,Квебек, Саскачеван) и на три территориальных зоны (Северо-западные территории, территория Юкон и территория Нунавут).Территория Нунавут в 1999 году была отделена от нынешних Северо- западных территорий).
Название «Канада» происходит от ирозеского и обозначает «деревня».
6. Канада стала независимой от Великобритании 1 июля 1867 года. Правовая система основана на английском общем праве, за исключением Квебека, где гражданское право основано преимущественно на французских правах.
7. Расовый и этнический состав населения разнообразен. Около 35% населения составляют люди с британскими корнями. Люди с французскими корнями составляют около 25% населения. Большая часть канадцев, говорящих на французском, проживает в Квебеке, где составляют 34 % от населения. Так же много франкоговорящих проживает в Онтарил и Новом Браунсуике.

VII. Ответьте на вопросы письменно:
Where is Canada situated?
Canada is situated in the north of Northern America, washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean in the west, and the Arctic Ocean in the north and by the Baffin Bay and the Davis Strait in the north-east.
When did Canada become an independent dominion?
Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown.
What size does Canada have?
Canada’s territory is the world’s second largest country, surpassed in size only by Russia
What is the highest Canadian point?
The highest Canadian point is Mount Logan 5,959 m
How many people live in Canada?
The population of Canada is about 32 million people.
How many people speak English?
English is spoken by 60 % of population

How many people speak French?
French is spoken by 23 % of people.
How many provinces are there in Canada?
There are ten provinces.
Are there indigenous people in Canada?
Indigenous people make up nearly 2 percent of Canada’s inhabitants

I. Переведите следующие причастия на английский язык:
приглашенный – приглашающий- invited- inviting
начатый – начинающийся- started- starting
проданный – продающий- sold- selling
купленный – покупающий- bought- buying
строящийся- строящий- building- built
читаемый – читающий- read- reading
II. Переведите предложения на русский язык. Определите функцию Participle I и Participle II.
When speaking at the meeting yesterday, I forgot about this fact.
Обстоятельство
Выступая на встрече вчера, я забыл про этот факт.
Having caught a bad cold, he had to miss a few classes
Обстоятельство
Простудившись, он должен был пропустить несколько занятий.
Thinking that he was out, I decided to go and see him some other time.
Обстоятельство
Думая, что он ушел, я решил уйти и прийти к нему в другое время.
III. Задайте вопросы к выделенным словам.
While reading English books, copy out interesting expressions.(2)
What should I copy out, while reading English books?
The student was nervous when writing his paper and couldn’t stop worrying until he had handed it in.(2)
When was the student nervous?
Hearing that she had fallen ill, we decided to go and see her.(1)
What did we decide, hearing that she had fallen ill?
IV. Замените придаточные предложения причастным оборотом.
Since I didn’t know my friend’s new address, I could hardly hope to find him.
 Not knowing my friend’s new address, I could hardly hope to find him.
I always read books which describe the lives of great people with interest.
I always with interest read books describing the lives of great people.
When we discussed this book, we found out a lot of interesting things.
 Discussing this book, we found out a lot of interesting things
V. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.
degree — ученая степень
plague — чума
discovery — открытие
differential calculuses — дифференциальное исчисление
law of gravitation — закон всемирного тяготения
rainbow — радуга
to draw — привлекать
perpendicularly — перпендикулярно
sidewards — в сторону
upwards — вверх
abbey — аббатство

Isaac Newton
Newton, one of the greatest scientists of all times was born in 1642 in the little village in Lincolnshire, England. His father was a farmer and died before Newton was born. His mother was a clever woman whom he always loved.
After the school, Newton studied mathematics at Cambridge University and received his degree in 1665. Then the university was closed because of the danger of plague and Newton went home for eighteen months. It was most important period in his life when he made his three great discoveries — the discoveries of the differential calculuses, the nature of white light, and the law of gravitation.
These discoveries are still important for the modern science. Newton had always been interested in the problems of light. Many people saw colours of a rainbow but only Newton showed, by his experiments, that white light consists of these colours.
It is interesting how he discovered the law gravitation. Once, as he sat at the garden, his attention was drawn by the fall of an apple. Many people saw such a usual thing before.
But it was Newton who asked himself a question: «Why does that apple fall perpendicularly to the ground? Why doesn’t it go sidewards or upwards?» The answer to this question was the theory of gravitation, discovered by Newton.
Newton died at the age of 84, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where his monument stands today.

Исаак Ньютон
Ньютон, один из величайших ученых всех времен, родился в 1642 году в небольшой деревне в Линкольншире, Англия. Его отец был фермером и умер еще до рождения Ньютона. Его мать была умной женщиной, которую он всегда любил.
После школы Ньютон изучал математику в Кембриджском Университете и получил степень в 1665 году. Затем университет был закрыт из-за опасности чумы, и Ньютон вернулся домой на 18 месяцев. Это был самый важный период в его жизни, поскольку в это время он сделал три великих открытия- дифференциальное исчисление, природу белого цвета и закон гравитации.

Эти открытия все еще важны для современной науки. Ньютон всегда интересовался вопросами света. Многие люди видели цвета радуги, но только Ньютон при помощи экспериментов, доказал, что белый свет состоит из этих цветов.
Так же интересно его открытие закона гравитации. Однажды, когда он сидел в саду, его внимание привлекло упавшее яблоко. Многие люди видели такие обычные вещи и до этого.
Но только Ньютон задал сам себе вопрос: «Почему это яблоко упала перпендикулярно земле? Почему оно не упало вбок или вверх?». Ответ на этот вопрос и стал теорией гравитации Ньютона.
Ньютон умер в возрасте 84 лет, он похоронен в Вестминстерском Аббатстве, где стоит его памятник.

VI. Ответьте на вопросы письменно.
When and where was Newton born?
Newton was born in the little village in Lincolnshire, England
Where did he study?
He studied at Cambridge University
What three major discoveries did Newton make?
The discoveries of the differential calculuses, the nature of white light, and the law of gravitation
When did Newton make these discoveries?
He made his discoveries when he went home after university.
How did the idea which led to the discovery of the law of gravitation first come to him?
He thought about gravitation when he saw the fall of an apple
When did Newton die and where is he buried?
Newton died at the age of 84, and was buried in Westminster Abbey

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